The Contribution of Jim Larkin In Improving The Working Conditions of Irish Workers

In the twentieth century, working conditions in Ireland proved to be quite severe. While three-quarters of the workers were unskilled, labor unions were only present for the educated and skilled workers

. The unskilled workers were not well paid, worked in unkind conditions that were not safe for them and also lacked support from any organization. Change for them was unforeseen. National agencies only concentrated on politics and ignored the sad situation faced by the working class.

James Larkin is a citizen of Ireland, He was born in Liverpool, and his parents were emigrants. He worked at the dock. James first took part in a strike in the year 1905. It was then that he became enthusiastic about socialism, equality of rights and improved working conditions for all workers. Jim became the chief organizer for the National Union of Dock Labourers (NUDL) in 1906. A year later, he went to Ireland.

When he first got to Belfast, James Larkin tried to organize a labor force for unskilled workers. However, NUDL chose to side with business owners and did away with him. To not let his dreams get thrashed, Jim went ahead and started his union. It was known as The Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU). ITCWU quickly became a success and registered as the leading union in Ireland in a period of three years.

Even though James organized most of the workers of the Ireland, he still faced resistance from William Martin Murphy. William was an old-school nationalist who did not believe in change. He owned the Dublin United Tramway Company (DUTC). In the year 1913, William Murphy asked his employees to repudiate the ITGWU or risk losing their job.

Nevertheless, James Larkin went ahead and mobilized all those who worked at ITGWU to strike. This was on August 26th.

Learn more about Jim Larkin:

Big Jim Larkin: Hero and Wrecker


How Jim Larkin Helped Irish Laborers

Jim Larkin was a famous labor activist in Ireland. He was born and raised in Liverpool, England. Jim came from a very poor family and did not receive much formal education. As soon he was old enough to work, he took up a number of jobs so that he could also help his family.

He eventually became a dock laborer in Liverpool. He saw how unfairly workers were treated in terms of work conditions and poor compensation. This is how he ended up joining the National Union of Dock Laborers (NUDL).

Jim Larkin was very radical and often organized strikes. This caused the NUDL to move him to Dublin, Ireland, and that is where he formed the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union (ITGWU).Through this union, he brought together all classes of industrial workers in Ireland to fight for better pay and better working conditions. Learn more about Jim Larkin: http://www.historyireland.com/20th-century-contemporary-history/big-jim-larkin-hero-and-wrecker/

Jim was also the founder of the Irish Labor Party, through which he organized several workers’ strikes. In 1913, he organized an 8-month strike of over 100,000 industrial workers in Ireland, and finally, their pleas for fair employment were heard and reforms made. This is what came to be known as the Dublin Lockout. After this, the ITGWU was dissolved.

Jim continued his labor activism even after the ITGWU was dissolved. He was strongly against war during World War I and led demonstrations against war in Dublin. In 1914, he went to the US and was there for a few years. When he returned to Ireland, he started the Workers’ Union of Ireland. He died in 1947 in Dublin. He was married to Elizabeth Brown, and together, they had four sons.

Conclusion

Jim Larkin’s efforts to ensure fair employment benefited many during his time and the effects of his activism are still being felt today.

The Irish workers being granted fair employment marked a big event in the history of Ireland and the world as a whole. Several years later, Jim Larkin is still regarded a hero and this shows that what he did was no mean feat.


Fighting Against Oppression

The media is supposed to report facts, not their personal feelings and opinions. Sadly, that’s not always the case. Fortunately, there are those that commit themselves to a high standard of professional etiquette. Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin are two such men. They are the co-founders of Phoenix New Times and Village Voice Media.

They got their start in reporting in the early 70s. Lacey moved to Arizona to attend Arizona State University, where he met Larkin. During the 70s, they noticed the way that the ultra-conservative media portrayed local college antiwar protests. Lacey and some friends wrote a paper about the real issues, which later became the first paper published by Phoenix New Times.

Since then, Phoenix New Times has taken on numerous unjust activities. Most notably were the acts of Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio. What began as a New Times story turned into a constitutional battle and ended in a $3.75 million settlement.

After all the strife, Lacey and Larkin found a way to overcome their trauma and do something good for their community. They created the Frontera Fund, a fund that supports organizations that advocate for human rights and freedom of speech in Arizona and along the Mexican border.

While the fund is an inspirational wonder, their story is a more inspirational wonder. It’s always difficult to take on corruption, especially in law enforcement, but Lacey and Larkin never let that fear stop them. When they discovered Sheriff Arpaio’s dirty activities, they reported the truth.

That simple righteous act upset Sheriff Arpaio in the worst of ways. He became hell-bent on destroying Phoenix New Times and taking Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin down. He tried many harassment methods to get them to stop publishing stories, but he eventually resorted to desperate and illegal methods. Read more: Lacey and Larkin Frontera Fund

There’s no excuse for Arpaio’s actions beyond a certain point. He got caught red-handed doing many things he wasn’t supposed to be doing; namely, his outrageous assault on the Constitution. He violated the First Amendment in every way imaginable just because Phoenix New Times and its executives refused to let him get away with his reprehensible acts.

Fed up with their storytelling, Arpaio sent the feared “Selective Enforcement Unit”. Yes, that unit’s actions are as controversial as their name suggests. They arrested Lacey and Larkin in the middle of the night and forced them into unmarked SUVs. The deputies then took Lacey and Larkin to separate jails miles away from each other.


How Talos Energy Revolutionized the Oil Sector in Mexico

In 2015, Talos Energy from Houston, Premier Oil Plc from London and Sierra Oil and Gas from Mexico collaborated and drilled the first private exploration oil well in Mexican waters. That has been unheard of for the past 80 years. Mexico voted to open its ailing oil industry to private investment which in turn led to the three companies winning the rights to the prospect. The well located in Sureste Basin in Tabasco holds close to 100 to 500 million barrels of crude oil. It was closely watched by the oil industry because it was one of the most captivating exploration wells to be drilled at the time.

Drilling was expected to achieve high success due to the structure of the basin. The drilling was supposed to take 90 days and cost $16 Million. Highly skilled personnel from Mexico and The United States worked together efficiently to ensure the venture was successful. Talos energy owned a 35 percent stake in the enterprise and was the primary operator of the well while Premier held 25 percent and Sierra 40 percent. The venture created local jobs and generated revenue for the Mexican government.

Tim Duncan and his partners founded Talos energy with $600 million equity from previous investors. He is the C.E.O of the company. The company has assets in the Gulf of Mexico and a team of not less than 60 professionals. Its headquarters are in Houston. Talos Energy’s primary objective is exploration and acquisition of oil and gas. Talos Energy was named the best workplace among small businesses in 2013. Talos Energy in 2013 acquired helix Energy Solution for $620 Million. Talos energy also finalized the acquisition of Energy Resource Technology in 2013. The company is rapidly growing.

Tim Duncan values interaction with employees and encourages them to offer their best ideas to help grow the company. Talos Energy is keen on discovering and drilling more exceptional wells. A liner has been set by Talos Energy to protect discovered reservoirs. The company’s commercial manager Ash Shepherd was in 2016 awarded for his leadership skills. He was instrumental in signing the first two production sharing contracts that led to Constitutional Energy Reforms.


Growing Significance of Larkin & Lacey Frontera Fund and Other Migrant Rights Organizations

Migrant rights are one of the intensely discussed subjects in the recent years as humanity could watch the sufferings of many migrants across the world in the recent years.

It created wide-spread torture and inhuman treatments in various stages of the migrant journey. It should be noted that majority of the people who are facing migrant issues are either children or women, and this further extends the violations to greater levels. Learn more about Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey:  http://www.laceyandlarkinfronterafund.org/about-lacey-larkin-frontera-fund/jim-larkin/ and http://www.bizjournals.com/phoenix/potmsearch/detail/submission/6427818/Michael_Lacey

For instance, while coming to the recent deportations after Donald Trump assuming the power in the U.S., many of the children who migrated to the country from Mexico or other countries at very young ages are forced to return. Since many of them are deeply integrated into American society, the shift is a real pain.

All these deportations are by devastating their business, American families, and more. It is widely criticized that the Trump administration is following cruel policies when it comes to migrants. The administration has spoken in a way that more than 11 million undocumented migrants are a threat to the public safety of the country.

Various studies have proved that more than 90 percent of those immigrants have no criminal history or records, and some studies also showed that migrant neighborhoods in the country are much safer than other areas. However, Trump and his supporters portray the migrants as potential criminals and a real threat to the society. Read more: Phoenix New Time and Village Voice Media | Wikipedia

Though the attempts of the administration go beyond the normalcy and become civil and human rights issues in most cases, a number of reputed non-profit groups in the country is actively intervening into various migrant issues to reduce the struggles of those souls. While some of these groups are larger organizations with networks around the globe, others are initiatives in some particular areas or a setup by some individuals.

It includes Amnesty International, American Civil Liberties Union, Human Rights Watch, migrationpolicy.org, and more. It should be noted that these organizations initiate petitions, campaigning programs, address various regional issues, and more. While coming to migrants, the groups financially support them, give them legal aid, offer healthcare programs, and more.

While coming to the initiatives of individuals, Larkin & Lacey Frontera Fund is the perfect example with a clear vision. It was instituted by the journalists, Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey with the settlement amount they received for challenging their illegal arrest by Maricopa County Sheriff.

The co-founders of Phoenix New Times were arrested on October 18, 2007, from their home at midnight for reporting a strange grand jury proceeding of asking news reporters’ notes featuring the Sherriff. Additionally, the grand jury even demanded the identity of the people who read the news regarding the Sherriff.

Considering their decades of experience in challenging various First Amendment rights violations, the journalist duo sued the county in the U.S. Court of Appeals. The Court of Appeals acquitted both the journalists and granted them a settlement amount of $3.75 million.

Both Lacey and Larkin decided to setup Larkin & Lacey Frontera Fund to support various groups that are backing and advocating human, civil, and migrant rights along with freedom of speech in Arizona.